The symbol used by the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence Inc. in its logo and in LICADD’s logo was developed by Marty Mann and adopted by the NCADD board of directors in 1958. It combines the medical caduceus (health) and a key (to unlock the doors of understanding). The wings on the key also have been interpreted as the wings of the Phoenix, the mythical bird which like so many who have experienced the miracle of recovery from alcoholism and other drug addictions, rose again from the ashes of its own destruction. The symbol, then, represents the key to recovery, education, and understanding.